3 in 10 health facilities in PH lack clean toilets – WHO
by Marje Pelayo | Posted on Wednesday, April 24th, 2019
MANILA, Philippines – A joint report by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef) noted that three in 10 health care facilities in the Philippines have no access to clean toilets.
The WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) report released on April 4, 2019, noted that 23 percent of the country’s health facilities have unclean toilets while four percent have no toilets at all.
According to WHO, these services are very important “in preventing infections, reducing the spread of antimicrobial resistance and providing quality care, particularly for safe childbirth” and not having such will imperil the safety of the public.
“Healthcare facilities won’t be able to provide quality care to people if there is no safe water, toilet or hand washing facility,” said WHO representative in the Philippines Dr. Gundo Weiler.
The report cited the recent water shortage in Metro Manila which highlighted the need for long-term solutions to water, sanitation and hygiene in health care facilities in the country.
Five major hospitals in Metro Manila were adversely affected by water shortage in March this year.
These hospitals were Rizal Medical Center in Pasig City; National Center for Mental Health in Mandaluyong City; and National Kidney and Transplant Institute, Philippine Children’s Medical Center and Quirino Memorial Medical Center, all in Quezon City.
“The Philippines must ensure that safe WASH facilities are available and accessible to ensure health for all Filipinos,” Wieler added.
On the program Get It Straight with Daniel Razon on Wednesday (April 24), Health Secretary Francisco Duque III agreed that the lack of water supply must be prioritized especially as it is a crucial element to sanitation and hygiene.
He also noted that local government units should be mandated to ensure that public facilities in their areas are fully equipped with clean and proper hygiene facilities.
“Kinakailangan tugunan muna ang kakulangan sa tubig, iyong sufficient, adequate supply of water. Iyan po ang mahalaga, siguraduhin muna higit sa lahat,” he said.
(The lack of sufficient and adequate water supply should be addressed first. It’s the most important thing that should be secured first.)
“Saka natin pag-usapan, dapat siguro i-penalize natin iyong mga local government units na sila ang dapat maniguro na may sapat na palikuran at sapat na tubig at para makamit natin ang kagustuhan nating ito ay maging bahagi ng Universal Health Care (program),” he added.
(Then we can discuss next, maybe [recommend] the penalizing of local government units as they are the ones responsible in ensuring sufficient toilet facilities and water supply to achieve our goals and make it part of the Universal Health Care (program).)– Marje Pelayo
Data from the DOH showed that from January 1 to June 29, 2019, there have been 106,630 dengue cases this year. This is 85 percent higher than the 57,564 cases reported in the same period in 2018.
Regions where the dengue alert was raised include Regions 1, 2, 4A, 5, 8, 9, 11, Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), and the Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR).
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection commonly occurring in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, including the Philippines.
The dengue virus (DEN) comprises four distinct serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4) which belong to the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae.
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the main vector that transmits the viruses that cause dengue. The viruses are passed on to humans through the bites of an infective female Aedes mosquito, which mainly acquires the virus while feeding on the blood of an infected person.
How dengue virus affects your body?
Infectious Disease Specialist Dr. Cybele Abad, in an interview with UNTV Digital program Lifesaver, said that when dengue virus enters the human body, it spreads through blood and infects the cells by binding itself to the cell membrane.
When this happens, an infected person may feel sudden, high fever followed by severe headaches, pain behind the eyes and severe joint and muscle pain. A person may also feel fatigue, nausea and skin rash which would appear two to five days after the onset of fever.
Watch this online episode of Lifesaver for more information on how dengue affects your body.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of dengue typically last two to seven days. Most people infected by the virus will recover after about a week.
However, some people who get sick with dengue may develop severe dengue, a more serious form of disease that can result in shock, internal bleeding and even death.
Symptoms of severe dengue include stomach or belly pain, bleeding from the nose or gums, vomiting blood or blood in the stool. Warning signs generally begin in 24-48 hours after your fever has gone away.
If you or a family member develops any of the following symptoms, immediately go to the nearest hospital.
How to prevent dengue?
To protect yourself and your family from dengue, the DOH advises the public to follow the 4S strategy: Search and destroy, Self-protection measures, Seek early consultation and Support fogging/spraying.
The DOH said it is important to search and destroy the breeding sites of mosquitoes such as containers that can store water; employ self-protection measures by installing screen on windows and doors in homes and schools, wear long socks, clothes with long sleeves and daily use of mosquito repellent.
It is also vital to seek early consultation when a person is starting to experience the symptoms. The public is also urged to support fogging or spraying only in areas where increase in cases is registered for two consecutive weeks to prevent an impending outbreak.
Experts said dengue virus-carrying mosquitoes are usually active from 9 to 11 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Lifesaver is a UNTV Digital program that offers basic first aid training essential to anyone who happens to be a bystander to an accident or emergency. It also educates viewers of imperative emergency response lessons and indispensable disaster preparedness tools to be able to save lives in times of calamities.
For more information on dengue, other basic first aid and emergency response tips, visit Lifesaver’s Youtube and Facebook accounts.
by Robie de Guzman | Posted on Wednesday, June 12th, 2019
MANILA, Philippines – The World Health Organization (WHO) has urged the public to donate blood ahead of the celebration of the World Blood Donor Day on June 14 (Friday).
In a Twitter post, the WHO Philippines called on the public to participate in a blood donation drive they will organize with the Philippine Blood Center on June 13 (Thursday).
The bloodletting activity will be held in Sta. Cruz town, Manila from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.
“In early celebration of #WorldBloodDonorDay, WHO Philippines will be organizing a blood donation drive on 13 June, with the Philippine Blood Center,” the WHO Philippines announced.
“Join us at our office inside the @DOHgov compound from 9am to 4pm. Donate blood, save lives!” the agency added.
According to the WHO website, the theme for this year’s campaign is blood donation and universal access to safe blood transfusion, as a component of achieving universal health coverage.
The slogan “Safe blood for all” was also developed to raise awareness on the universal need for safe blood in the delivery of health care and the crucial roles that voluntary donations play in achieving the goal of universal health coverage.
The WHO said the theme aims to strongly encourage more people all over the world to donate blood regularly, and to urge all governments and health authorities to provide adequate resources and implement systems to increase blood collection, promote/implement appropriate clinical use of blood, and to set up policies for the oversight and surveillance on the whole chain of blood transfusion.
In a press briefing on Tuesday, Department of Health (DOH) Secretary Francisco Duque III emphasized the need for blood especially during rainy season when mosquito-borne disease called dengue is more prevalent in the Philippines.
“That’s the time when you will have to consider ensuring availability of blood. In areas of identified hotspots, you have to ensure that delivery units have adequate stock of blood,” Duque said.
Aside from raising awareness, according to the WHO, the event also “serves to thank voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood.”The host country for World Blood Donor Day 2019 is Rwanda and the global event will be held in Kigali on June 14.
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