First aid tips when travelling

Aileen Cerrudo   •   April 17, 2019   •   3330

Be prepared for any emergencies when traveling this long vacation.

UNTV’s News and Rescue team shared first aid tips for safe travels.

Heat exhaustion/ heat stroke

  • Take them to a nearest shade
  • Lie them down and elevate their foot for blood circulation
  • If able to drink, give them cool water
  • Apply cool water to the skin or ice packs on
    armpits, wrists, ankles & groin
  • Bring the patient to the nearest hospital

Sunburn

  • Place under running water for 15 to 20 minutes
  • Don’t apply any ointment

Drowning

  • Immediately call a lifeguard or trained rescuer
  • Throw a life vest or any floating item available.
  • It is not advisable to interfere if untrained

Cuts and bruises

  • Clean the wound using Povidone Iodine
  • Cover the wound with a gauze pad
  • Immediately call for assistance for severe injuries

Assistant training officer of UNTV News and Rescue Angelo Dela Paz advise to carefully plan vacations by bringing a first aid kit.

Individuals should also know the necessary emergency contact numbers as well as the location of the nearest hospital.

“Iyong mga major injuries, pinaka-the best doon would be tumawag na sa mga emergency hotline na malapit sa ating lugar. (For major injuries it is best to call emergency hotlines near the area)” he said.—Aileen Cerrudo (with reports from Grace Casin)

UNTV Rescue team responds to 2 road mishaps during New Year’s eve in Pampanga

Robie de Guzman   •   January 1, 2020

UNTV Rescue units in Pampanga provided first aid to individuals who got injured in two separate road accidents that occurred during the new year’s eve.

The first accident, which involved a pedestrian and a motorcycle, reportedly happened at past 8 p.m. along Barangay Baliti in San Fernando, Pampanga.

The pedestrian, identified as 25-year old Kimberly Anne Tayag from Porac town, sustained injuries to her left arm and feet after she was hit by an oncoming motorcycle while she was crossing the street.

Meanwhile, the second accident involving another motorcycle occurred around 10 p.m. still along San Fernando in Pampanga.

The motorcycle rider, identified as Oliver Sales, sustained wounds to his mouth after figuring in an accident.

Both victims received first aid treatment from the UNTV rescuers and were brought to Jose B. Lingad Regional Memorial Hospital for further treatment and examination. – RRD (with details from Correspondent Leslie Huidem)

Lifesaver: How to treat fireworks-related burns and injuries

Robie de Guzman   •   December 31, 2019

MANILA, Philippines – The government has been calling on the public to ditch fireworks and other pyrotechnic devices for safer noise-maker alternatives to avoid any injuries during the celebration of the holidays.

However, there are some people who just can’t help themselves from setting those firecrackers off so UNTV’s Lifesaver program has prepared first-aid tips on how to treat burns and injuries related to the use of fireworks.

Lifesaver program host, UNTV News and Rescue Manager Benedict Galazan, said there are different first aid treatments for different types of fireworks accidents.

He, however, stressed that these are only temporary measures as victims should be immediately rushed to the nearest hospital.

Here are the first-aid tips:

  • For first degree burns, the burned or injured area should be washed under cool running water for 10 to 15 minutes to ease the pain and remove traces of chemical powder.
  • Cover the burned area using a clean cloth and, if necessary, immediately bring the victim to the hospital.

First-degree burns are considered mild and result in pain and reddening of the skin.

  • For second degree burns, run cool water on the wound for 10 to 15 minutes to stop the bleeding and ease the pain.
  • Cover the wound with a clean cloth or plastic wrap then bring the victim to the nearest hospital.

Second-degree burns affect the epidermis and lower layer of the skin and may cause pain, redness, and blistering.

When blistering occurs, the swollen area of the skin should not be popped.

“‘Yung mga blister o paltos ay huwag puputukin. Kasi iyan po ang pinaka-defense mechanism ng katawan ‘yan na kapag may heat na naramdaman ang katawan, magpo-produce siya ng liquid para ‘yun din ang makatulong sa pagcool-down ng burn,” Galazan said.

  • For third-degree burns, run the wound on cool water for 10 to 15 minutes to stop the bleeding and ease the pain.
  • Carefully put pressure on the injured area to control the bleeding.
  • Do NOT apply toothpaste, cream or any oil-based ointment to the wound or burn.
  • Cover the injured area with a clean cloth or plastic wrap then bring the victim to the hospital.

Third-degree burns affect the dermis and deeper skin tissues and may result in white or blackened, charred skin that may be numb.

  • For injured fingers, hands and other limbs, Lifesaver advises to run the injured part under cool water. Do NOT use ice.
  • If the fingers are still intact, run it as well on cool water.
  • If some fingers or other body parts are dismembered or lost, apply pressure using a tourniquet or any device (bandage and stick, rope or belt) to a limb or extremity to limit – but not stop – the flow of blood.
  • Also, try to look for the dismembered finger, and wrap them in a clean cloth. Place them inside a sealed plastic bag and put it in ice.
  • Bring the victim and the dismembered body part to the nearest hospital.

Dismembered limbs need to be brought with the victim to the hospital as these may still be reattached through surgery.

  • For eye injuries, flush the affected eye with cool water to remove any traces of firecracker powder.
  • Do NOT scratch or touch the injured eye.
  • If it is bleeding, use gauze or a paper cup to cover and protect the injured eye. Be careful not to put pressure on the eye.
  • Bring the patient to the nearest hospital

For ingestion or firecracker or its powder, here are the first aid tips:

  • Let the patient drink raw egg whites. Health experts recommend six to eight egg whites to a child and eight to 12 to an adult.
  • The patient should not attempt to throw up the ingested firecracker to prevent further damage.
  • Bring the victim to the nearest hospital.

Remember, if the wound is larger than the size of the palm of the hand, immediately bring the victim to the nearest hospital or call emergency medical services such as 8-911-UNTV.

Watch the episode of Lifesaver below for more first aid tips on firecracker burns:

– RRD (Correspondent Harlene Delgado contributed to this report)

Lifesaver tips: What to do when someone is choking?

Robie de Guzman   •   December 24, 2019

It’s the time of the year when family and friends gather to celebrate the holidays.

Reunions and parties abound where everybody can be merry and feast on arrays of scrumptious food.

But what if in the middle of dining and merry-making, you spotted a family member, a friend or someone else who is coughing or gagging, and clutching their throat after choking on a piece of food?

Choking is a blockage of the upper airway or throat, which prevents a person from breathing effectively. It can be caused by a piece of food or other foreign objects that got stuck in the upper airway.

It often occurs when food is not chewed properly or if person is talking or laughing while eating.

Choking is a medical emergency that can quickly result in death if not treated immediately.

How do you know if someone is choking?

According to UNTV’s Lifesaver program, a choking person may manifest the following behaviors:

  • Coughing or gagging
  • Wheezing
  • Sudden inability to talk
  • Making panicky hand signals
  • Clutching the throat
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Turning blue around the face, lips and fingernail beds

What should you do to help a choking person?

  • If the person is conscious, approach them and ask if they are choking.
  • If the person is able to answer by speaking or making a sound, it is a partial airway obstruction. Stay with him or her and encourage the person to continue coughing until the obstruction is cleared.
  • If the person cannot answer by speaking and can only nod the head, it means they have a complete airway obstruction and needs help. Help them clear the airway obstruction by performing an abdominal thrust.
  • To perform abdominal thrust, stand behind the choking person and do the tripod position by placing one foot slightly in front of the other for balance. Wrap your arms around the waist and tip the person slightly forward. If a child is choking, kneel down behind the child.
  • Make a fist with one hand and position it slightly above (around an inch) the choking person’s navel.
  • Grasp the fist with the other hand and then press hard in an inverted “J” motion or quick, upward thrust, as if you’re trying to lift the person in front.
  • Perform the abdominal thrust until the blockage is dislodged.
  • If you’re the only person with him or her, perform the abdominal thrust before calling your local emergency number for help. If another person is available, have them call for help while you perform first aid.
  • If the person becomes unconscious, lower him or her on his back onto the floor, or on an even and hard surface, with arms to the side.
  • Tilt upward the person’s head to open his or her mouth to check whether the foreign object has been cleared. If it is, remove the foreign object by reaching a finger into the mouth and sweep out the cause of choking. Do not do a finger sweep if the blockage is not visible as this may cause the food or object to push deeper into the airway.
  • Perform standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with 30 chest compression if the object remains lodged and the person does not respond. Check the mouth periodically. Repeat the process until the patient regains consciousness or until emergency responders have arrived.

Check the Lifesaver episode below on how to perform a CPR:

  • If the person has regained his or her breathing, place him or her on a recovery position by folding the arm closest to you over their chest and place the other arm at a right angle to their body. Get the leg closest to you and bend the knee. While supporting the person’s head and neck, gently take the bent knee closest to you and roll the person away from you. Adjust the upper leg so both the hip and knee are bent at right angles. Tilt the head back to ensure the airways are clear and open.

Remember these steps so you may be able to help in a situation involving a choking person.

Watch the episode of Lifesaver below for more information on performing first aid on a choking person:

Lifesaver airs every Sunday at 10:30am on UNTV, Your Public Service Channel.

For more details about Lifesaver, visit the following social media accounts:

Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/UrALifesaver/

YouTube –  https://www.youtube.com/LifesaverPH/?sub_confirmation=1

Twitter – https://twitter.com/UrALifesaver/

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