PH unemployment rate drops for second straight quarter—SWS
Aileen Cerrudo • May 8, 2019 • 1413
The Philippine unemployment rate has dropped for the second straight quarter according to the Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey.
Based on the survey conducted from March 28 to 31, 2019, the unemployment rate went down to 19.7% or approximately 9.4 million adult Filipinos who are unemployed.
This is 2.3% lower compared to the survey results in September 2018 (22%).
Among the 9.4 million unemployed Filipinos, 4.5 million were adults who voluntarily left their jobs, 3.6 million adults who were retrenched, and 1.3 million adults who are first-time job seekers.
“The March 2019 survey found that the adult labor force participation rate is at 71.4% or an estimated 47.6 million adults. This is 5.2 points above 66.2% or an estimated 42.4 million adults in December 2018.
The estimated size of the adult labor force in previous quarters were 44.4 million adults (69.3% of adults) in September 2018 and 43.8 million (68.3%) in June 2018,” the survey states.—(with reports from Asher Cadapan Jr.)
MANILA, Philippines – The Philippines’ employment numbers have improved while the underemployment rate declined in July, the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported on Thursday.
The PSA said the number of employed persons increased by 5.7 percent in July, which translates to an additional 2.3 million workers. This is higher than the 1.2 percent recorded in the same month in 2018 based on the July round of the Labor Force Survey (LFS).
The total number of employed Filipinos reached nearly 43 million in July 2019 on account of stronger employment in the services (6.1% from 4.7% in 2018) and agriculture sectors (7.6% from -7.4% in 2018), the PSA reported.
Underemployment, the proportion of those already employed but still seeking additional work, fell to its lowest rate in all July rounds of the survey at 13.9 percent from last year’s 17.2 percent. This means a reduction of over a million underemployed workers in July 2019.
On the other hand, the unemployment rate was steady at 5.4 percent, the same as the corresponding month in 2018, the PSA said.
The year-to-date unemployment rate is estimated at 5.2 percent, near the upper end of the 4.3 to 5.3 percent target in the Philippine Development Plan 2017-2022.
The labor force participation rate (LFPR) in July expanded further to 62.1 percent from 60.1 percent in the same period in 2018.
In particular, the labor force participation of the young (15 to 24 years old) went up to 38.3 percent, which is 1.5 percentage points higher than the previous survey period.
“While the Philippine economy has shown remarkable improvements in the labor market, the government should continually improve its efforts towards generating more productive and higher quality employment that provides adequate income for Filipino workers and their families,” National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) Undersecretary for Policy and Planning and current Officer-in-Charge (OIC) Rosemarie Edillon said.
She added that the full implementation of the Ease of Doing Business and Efficient Government Service Delivery Act, and easing of foreign investment restrictions in public utilities, retail trade, and domestic-market oriented firms, are seen to create more jobs for Filipinos.
“The government must continue encouraging the private sector to increase employment opportunities for young people, supporting technical vocational training, promoting apprenticeship and on-the-job training programs among the youth,” Edillon said.
The survey, conducted from June 22 to 26, showed that 57 percent of the 1,200 respondents were satisfied with Robredo’s performance while 29 percent were dissatisfied.
Robredo got a net score of +28 or “moderate” from +42 or “good” in March after a drop in all areas except Metro Manila, the pollster said.
“Compared to March 2019, the June 2019 survey found double-digit declines in Vice-Pres. Robredo’s net satisfaction rating in all basic socio-demographics, except for the single-digit changes among class E (down from +50 to +42), the 18 to 24-year olds (up slightly from +29 to +30), and college graduates (up from +6 to +13),” the SWS noted.
Arroyo, meanwhile, received a -20 or “poor” net rating after 29 percent said they were satisfied and 49 percent were dissatisfied with the former president’s performance towards the end of her term as House speaker.
Arroyo’s score is three points down from her previous score of -17.
“The 3-point decline in the overall net satisfaction rating of Speaker Macapagal-Arroyo was due to decreases of 7 points in Balance Luzon and 4 points in Metro Manila, combined with increases of 3 points in the Visayas and 1 point in Mindanao,” the pollster said.
Arroyo’s net satisfaction stayed poor in Balance Luzon and Mindanao, bad in Metro Manila while it rose from poor to neutral in the Visayas.
On the other hand, Senate President Vicente Sotto III and Supreme Court Chief Justice Lucas Bersamin maintained their “very good” and “moderate” ratings, getting +60 and +13, respectively.
The SWS survey showed that 72 percent were satisfied and 13 percent were dissatisfied with Sotto’s performance; while 37 percent of the respondents said they were satisfied with Bersamin’s work and 24 percent were not.
The survey also found that the public’s perception of the Senate stayed “very good” at +63, while the House of Representatives and the Supreme Court received record-highs “good” at +48 and “very good” at +54, respectively.
The SWS said its June 2019 survey has a sampling error margins of ±3% for national percentages, and ±6% each for Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao.
MANILA, Philippines – Sixty percent of Filipinos believe that the Philippine government should not block the investigation into the killings related to President Rodrigo Duterte’s war on drugs, a survey conducted by the Social Weather Stations (SWS) revealed on Monday (July 22).
The survey, conducted from Jun 22 to 26, showed that 26 percent of the 1,200 respondents strongly agree with the statement that, “the government should not block the investigation of international groups, like the United Nations, into the killing by the Philippine police of so many drug suspects who supposedly fought back.”
Thirty-four percent somewhat agreed to the statement; 15 percent disagreed, while 25 percent were undecided.
The SWS said the net agreements in both rural and urban areas, at +46 and +44 respectively, were classified as “very strong.”
The SWS said the net agreement is equal to the percentages of those who agreed minus those who disagreed.
It classifies a score of +50 and above as “extremely strong, and +30 to +49 as “very strong”.
Mindanao recorded an “extremely strong” +50 net agreement, followed by very strong net scores in Balance Luzon at +45, Metro Manila at +43, and the Visayas at +42, the agency said.
The pollster further said the net agreement was highest in class D or the “masa” at +46, followed by class E at +45, and class ABC at +37. It was also very strong among both women and men, at +47 and +44, respectively.
By age group, net agreement on the statement was highest among 35 to 44-year olds and 18 to 24-year olds, at extremely strong levels of +52 and +50, respectively, the SWS said.
This was followed by very strong scores among 25 to 34-year olds at +48; 55-year olds and above at +45, and 45 to 54-year olds at +31.
The SWS said the June 2019 Social Weather Survey has sampling error margins of ±3 percent for national percentages, and ±6 percent each for Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao.
The survey follows reports earlier this month about the move of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to adopt a resolution led by Iceland seeking a comprehensive report on the human rights situation in the Philippines amid Duterte’s campaign against illegal drugs.
Malacañang earlier said the adoption of the ‘grotesquely one-sided’ resolution is an insult to the majority of Filipinos who expressed satisfaction on the kind of “forceful and effective” governance of Duterte.
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